On 25 June, India completed five years of three key urban policies: AMRUT, Smart Cities Mission and Pradhan Mantri Aawas Yojana (Housing for all). These three urban policies, by the NDA government, are aimed at managing the new challenges of urban India. Let’s have a quick look at the completion of five years, where do these urban schemes stand!
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
AMRUT was launched on 25 June 2015. The Mission aims at ensuring universal coverage of drinking water supply and substantial improvement in coverage and treatment capacities of sewerage and septage, along with stormwater drainage, non-motorized urban transport and green spaces & parks. The Mission spans across 500 cities, covering more than 60% of the urban population.
So far, 79 lakh households have been provided with tap water connections and 45 lakh sewer connections have been provided, including in slums and low-income habitations. In order to promote energy efficiency across the Indian cities, 76 lakh streetlights replaced with LED streetlights. As per MoHUA, almost 14% of projects have been completed, while 84% of the projects are under various stages of implementation.
National Smart Cities Mission
Smart Cities Mission (SCM) was launched on 25 June 2015 with the objective of promoting cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘smart’ solutions. As on date, the value of tendered smart city projects is over Rs. 1,66,000 crores. However, projects worth 16% of the total project value have been completed till now. At present, there are around 47 Integrated Command and Control Centers (ICCC) in the country. The 47 operational ICCCs became war-rooms and have played an effective role in COVID response.
Under The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP) more than 25,000 students have registered on the platform so far and more than 1000 internship positions have been posted by the cities. The program is aimed at increasing the capacity of our cities and positively engage the youth in the process of urban planning and governance.
Pradhan Mantri Aawas Yojana – Urban
PMAY-U completed five years on 25 June 2020. The objective of the policy has been to provide pucca house to all eligible beneficiaries of urban India by 2022 with the vision of ‘Housing for All’. The government received 1.12 crores of requests under the scheme, out of which 1.05 crores of requests have been sanctioned and 33% of houses have been constructed and delivered to beneficiaries. It is being claimed that the number of houses sanctioned in the last five years under the Mission is almost eight times more than those sanctioned under earlier urban housing schemes during the span of the last 10 years.
In line with ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’, an Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) scheme for providing ease of living to urban migrants/poor has been announced. The beneficiaries of the scheme would be laborers, urban poor (street vendor, rickshaw puller, other service providers etc.), industrial workers, educational/ health institutions, hospitality sector, long term tourists, students or any other category as deemed fit by the States/UTs.
(By: Gautam Kumar)